Gustav O. Lienhard Award
The Gustav O. Lienhard Award, established in 1986, is presented annually by the National Academy of Medicine in honor of Gustav O. Lienhard, Chairman of the Robert Wood Johnson Foundation’s Board of Trustees from 1971 to 1986. The award — a medal and $40,000 — recognizes individuals for outstanding achievement in improving health care services in the United States. Support for the award is provided by the Robert Wood Johnson Foundation. Each year, a selection committee appointed by the NAM reviews nominations based on selection criteria that reflect the ideals and work of Mr. Lienhard and the Robert Wood Johnson Foundation.
The 2016 Lienhard Award was presented at the NAM’s Annual Meeting in Washington, DC, on October 17.
History of the Award
Gustav O. Lienhard was chairman of the Robert Wood Johnson Foundation’s Board of Trustees from 1971 to 1986, a period in which the Foundation moved to the forefront of American philanthropy in health care.
Prior to Mr. Lienhard’s being named chairman of the Robert Wood Johnson Foundation, he had a distinguished career with Johnson & Johnson, the health and medical products company, where he began in 1932 as an accountant and retired 39 years later as president and chairman of the Executive Committee.
Robert Wood Johnson, who died in 1968 after having been chief executive officer of Johnson & Johnson during most of Mr. Lienhard’s years with the company, personally selected Mr. Lienhard to head the Foundation. During Mr. Lienhard’s 15 years at the Foundation, General Johnson’s bequest, valued at more than $1 billion, was received, a staff was assembled, and grants totaling approximately $660 million were made to improve health care in the United States.
Each year a selection committee appointed by the National Academy of Medicine considers the following criteria when determining the recipient of the Lienhard Award.
Principal selection criteria:
- Achievement in the area of personal health services, whether through clinical and/or leadership activities;
- Innovative, creative, and pioneering achievement; and
- Achievement of national scope.
Additional selection criteria:
- Unique contributions by the nominee to that achievement;
- Positive change over a sustained period – not simply the potential for such change – through the nominee’s achievement;
- A qualitative and quantitative impact;
- Success in overcoming barriers, based on resources available.
Finally, the recipient must attend the ceremony to receive the award. The 2016 Lienhard Award was presented during the NAM’s Annual Meeting in Washington, DC, on October 17.
David Cella, PhD
Ralph Seal Paffenbarger Professor and Chair
Department of Medical Social Sciences
Center for Patient-Centered Outcomes
Institute for Public Health and Medicine
Northwestern University Feinberg School of Medicine.
Robert L. Brent, MD, PhD
Louis and Bess Stein Professor of Pediatrics
Sidney Kimmel College of Medicine
Thomas Jefferson University
Head of the Developmental Biology Laboratory
Nemours/Alfred I. DuPont Hospital for Children
Linda Aiken, Ph.D., R.N., FAAN, FRCN
Claire M. Fagin Leadership Professor in Nursing
Professor of Sociology
Director of the Center for Health Outcomes and Policy Research
University of Pennsylvania School of Nursing
Steven A. Schroeder, M.D.
Distinguished Professor of Health and Health Care
Department of Medicine
University of California, San Francisco
Director, Smoking Cessation Leadership Center
for his pioneering efforts to control tobacco use, as well as his leadership in health services research, general medicine, and palliative care
Donald M. Berwick, M.D.
Former President and CEO
Institute for Healthcare Improvement
Centers for Medicare & Medicaid Services
for his work to catalyze a national movement to improve health care quality and safety
Jerold F. Lucey, M.D.
University Scholar and Distinguished Professor in Pediatrics
Department of Pediatrics
University of Vermont College of Medicine
for investigating and applying life-saving medical technologies and procedures to the care of premature infants
Joseph A. Califano, Jr., LL.B.
Founder and Chairman
National Center on Addiction and Substance Abuse
for his leadership in catalyzing federal action to curb smoking and his broader efforts to reduce the toll of addiction and substance abuse, as well as for his contributions to improving public health in general
Thomas E. Starzl, M.D., Ph.D.
Distinguished Service Professor of Surgery
University of Pittsburgh School of Medicine
Thomas E. Starzl Transplantation Institute
for his foundational role in pioneering and advancing transplantation science
John E. Wennberg, M.D., M.P.H.
Peggy Y. Thomson Chair for the Evaluative Clinical Sciences
Founder and Director Emeritus
Dartmouth Institute for Health Policy and Clinical Practice
for his leading role in reshaping the U.S. health care system to focus on objective evidence and outcomes rather than physician preference as the basis for treatment decisions, and for his efforts to empower patients with greater input on decisions about their own care
Howard H. Hiatt, M.D.
Professor of Medicine
Harvard Medical School
for improving the performance of personal health services in the United States and around the world
Aaron T. Beck, M.D.
University Professor of Psychiatry Emeritus
University of Pennsylvania
Beck Institute for Cognitive Therapy and Research
for developing the theory and practice of cognitive therapy that benefited nearly 5 million people in the United States and millions worldwide
Robert H. Brook, M.D., Sc.D.
Vice President and Director
Professor of Medicine and Health Services, Center for Health Sciences
University of California, Los Angeles
for his dedication and commitment to improving the effectiveness of health care services and shaping the discourse on health care policy
Kenneth W. Kizer, M.D., M.P.H.
President and CEO
National Quality Forum
for his transformation of the veterans health care system to a model system of patient safety, innovation, and quality care
B. Jaye Anno, Ph.D.
Bernard P. Harrison, J.D.
National Commission on Correctional Health Care
for profound improvements in the public health and humanity of the medical systems for the incarcerated
Kathryn E. Barnard, Ph.D., R.N.
Director, Center on Infant Mental Health and Development
University of Washington
for developing evidence-based assessment and parent education protocols that are used worldwide and have revolutionized clinical practice with infants and their parents
T. Berry Brazelton, M.D.
President and Chairman
Brazelton Foundation, Inc.
for changing the understanding of infants, children, and child development during the last century, and the development of the Neonatal Behavior Assessment Scale
Ruth Watson Lubic, R.N., C.N.M., Ed.D.
President and Co-CEO
District of Columbia Developing Families Center
for pioneering work in the development of humane and innovative services for childbearing and childrearing families
Philip R. Lee, M.D.
Institute for Health Policy Studies
University of California, San Francisco
for his unequaled contributions to improving personal health services in the United States and abroad as practitioner, advocate, researcher, policymaker, administrator, and public leader
Elma L. Holder, M.S.P.H.
National Citizens’ Coalition for Nursing Home Reform
for bringing the needs of an underserved, often neglected and abused nursing home population to high national awareness
H. Jack Geiger, M.D.
City University of New York Medical School
for creating a model of the contemporary American community health center to serve the poor and disadvantaged, and for his contributions to the advancements of minority health
Lester Breslow, M.D., M.P.H.
Dean Emeritus and Professor of Public Health
University of California, Los Angeles
for his contributions to the conceptual development and application of clinical preventive services in personal health care and to the development of personal health risk assessments
Robert N. Butler, M.D.
Professor, Mount Sinai School of Medicine
T. Franklin Williams, M.D.
Professor of Medicine, Emeritus
University of Rochester School of Medicine
for their contributions to the fields of geriatrics and gerontology
Lawrence L. Weed, M.D.
University of Vermont
for developing the problem-oriented medical record
Byllye Y. Avery
National Black Women’s Health Project
for her pioneering effort to improve health care services for women
David E. Rogers, M.D.
Walsh McDermott University Professor of Medicine
Cornell University Medical College
for leadership in advancing personal health care services
C. Everett Koop, M.D., Sc.D.
McInerney Professor of Surgery
Dartmouth Medical School
Faye G. Abdellah, Ed.D., Sc.D., R.N.
Chair, Nursing Task Force
Uniformed Services University of the Health Sciences
for leadership in promoting health in the public arena
Robert M. Ball, M.A.
National Academy of Social Insurance
for his contribution in establishing Medicare as part of the social security system
Henry K. Silver, M.D.
Associate Dean for Student Admissions
University of Colorado Health Sciences Center
Loretta C. Ford, Ed.D., R.N.
Professor and Dean Emerita
School of Nursing, University of Rochester
for fostering the concept of the nurse practitioner
Robert J. Haggerty, M.D.
William T. Grant Foundation
for carrying the concept of neighborhood health centers into the practice of “family medicine” as an indispensable aspect of primary care
On Lok Senior Health Services
for pioneering work in nonprofit comprehensive care, as founder of On Lok Senior Health Services, a day-care center for the frail elderly
Ernest W. Saward, M.D.
Professor of Social Medicine, Emeritus
University of Rochester Medical Center
for his leadership in the establishment of prepaid group health plans
Julius B. Richmond, M.D.
Professor of Health Policy, Emeritus
for his role as architect of federal programs for Head Start and Neighborhood Health Centers in the 1960s and 1970s
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