National Academy of Medicine

The Interplay of Community Trauma, Diet, and Physical Activity: Solutions for Public Health

Diet- and activity-related illnesses—such as heart disease, stroke, cancer, and type 2 diabetes—can shorten life spans and adversely impact quality of life. Over the past 15 years, the public health field has made important progress in addressing these illnesses by shifting the focus
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Getting to Equity in Obesity Prevention: A New Framework

High obesity prevalence persists as a major issue for societies globally. Chronic overweight and obesity have high health, social, and economic costs, and the benefits of achieving and maintaining healthy weight for overall health and well-being are well established. Obesity in childr
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A Model Framework That Integrates Community and Clinical Systems for the Prevention and Management of Obesity and Other Chronic Diseases

Obesity now affects 35 percent of men, 40 percent of women, and 17 percent of 2- to 19-year-old children and adolescents in the United States. Neither clinical nor environmental changes alone are sufficient to address a problem of this magnitude. We propose here a framework that integ
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Chronic Disease Prevention: Tobacco, Physical Activity, and Nutrition for a Healthy Start: A Vital Direction for Health and Health Care

Smoking, obesity, inactivity, and excess intakes of added sugar, saturated fats, and salt are major contributors to the rates of chronic disease in the United States, and the prevalence and costs of chronic diseases associated with those modifiable behaviors account for a growing shar
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A Call to Action for Registered Dietitian Nutritionists and Pediatricians: Reflecting on Physical Activity: Moving Toward Obesity Solutions—Workshop Summary

Over the past several years, the Roundtable on Obesity Solutions has convened experts across a variety of sectors and disciplines to explore the most promising approaches to prevent and treat obesity. Last April, the Roundtable convened a workshop, titled Physical Activity: Moving Tow
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An Educator’s View: Reflecting on Physical Activity: Moving Toward Obesity Solutions

As a physical educator and now the director of health and physical education (PE) for a large urban school district, I constantly struggle for funding, appropriate scheduling, and sufficient space for quality PE classes, recess, and other physical activity opportunities for our school
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