National Academy of Medicine

Building Health Literacy and Family Engagement in Head Start Communities: A Case Study

Policy makers, government agencies, and community organizations seeking to improve health outcomes in vulnerable populations are paying increased attention to family engagement and health literacy as key elements of a population health approach. To capitalize on the promise of prevent
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The Democratization of Health Care: A Vital Direction for Health and Health Care

The US health-care delivery system is in the midst of a transformation. For generations, it was rooted in a transactional, fee-for-service ethos that rewarded mainly interventions to treat individuals for diseases. Today, it aims to emphasize improvement in and maintenance of the heal
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Numbers Get In the Way

Increasingly over the past decade, health literacy researchers and practitioners have been turning their attention to issues of numeracy, recognizing that numeric tasks related to a wide array of health activities have not been sufficiently examined or addressed. Numbers are a vital p
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Considerations for a New Definition of Health Literacy

The field of health literacy has evolved over the decades. While early work focused on individual skills (and deficits) and specific products (brochures and documents, for example), we, the authors, have come to a greater appreciation that health literacy is multidimensional—it includ
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Getting It Right with the Precision Medicine Initiative: The Role of Health Literacy

In early 2015, President Obama announced a $215 million investment in the 2016 budget to revolutionize health improvement efforts and disease treatment. The Precision Medicine Initiative (PMI) is a new model of patient-powered research using big data to expedite greater understanding
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Health Literacy and Palliative Care: What Really Happens to Patients

The authors gave a presentation at an Institute of Medicine Roundtable on Health Literacy workshop titled “Health Literacy and Palliative Care” in July 2015. The presentations highlighted the experience of the health care system for those who need palliative care and the difficulty in
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Beyond Translation: Promoting a New National Standard for Equity in Health Materials Translated from English

As of 2011, 25.3 million people in the United States had limited English proficiency (LEP). This number includes people born outside and inside the United States (Zong and Batalova, 2015). Spanish is the most spoken language in the United States after English, with increases in other
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Health Literacy: A Necessary Element for Achieving Health Equity

A core aim for improving health care is to provide equitable care or “care that does not vary in quality because of personal characteristics such as gender, ethnicity, geographic location, and socioeconomic status.” We believe that an essential ingredient in the effort to increase hea
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