National Academy of Medicine

Prevention of Cardiovascular Disease Starts in Childhood

The importance of good nutrition practices on health and well-being has been recognized for thousands of years. One familiar quote attributed to Hippocrates, “Let thy food be thy medicine and medicine be thy food,” illustrates our long-time appreciation of the important relationship b
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Building Health Literacy and Family Engagement in Head Start Communities: A Case Study

Policy makers, government agencies, and community organizations seeking to improve health outcomes in vulnerable populations are paying increased attention to family engagement and health literacy as key elements of a population health approach. To capitalize on the promise of prevent
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Workforce Development to Enhance the Cognitive, Affective, and Behavioral Health of Children and Youth: Opportunities and Barriers in Child Health Care Training

Responsibility for cognitive, affective, and behavioral (CAB) health of children and adolescents (hereafter “youth”) has traditionally been shared among families, education systems, communities, and the health care delivery system. Within routine child health care, increasing but spot
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Expulsion and Suspension in Early Education as Matters of Social Justice and Health Equity

Scientists have a central role in addressing the challenges that face society. The primary purpose of research should be to inform policies and practices that address serious problems in our nation and world. Today in America, we have an alarming issue that is lacking in both basic an
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Optimizing Health Outcomes for Children with Asthma in Delaware: A Population Health Case Report

The transformation of the U.S. health care delivery system is under way. As health care providers and community-based partners recognize the impact of the multifaceted determinants of health that extend beyond the clinical setting, there is an “opportunity for health care delivery sys
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Can Breastfeeding Protect Against Childhood Obesity?

Breastfeeding offers numerous health benefits to children and women globally. For this reason, international health organizations and American expert groups strongly support this infant feeding behavior. Given the high cost-effectiveness of breastfeeding in the United States, the Amer
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Health Care Reform and Programs That Provide Opportunities to Promote Children’s Behavioral Health

  The Patient Protection and Affordable Care Act (ACA) has dramatically changed the health care landscape, creating new opportunities to advance health promotion, prevention, and treatment for children, parents, and families. However, the programmatic and funding landscape for ch
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Beyond Survival: The Case for Investing in Young Children Globally

Investing in young children globally is a primary means of achieving sustainable human, social, and economic development, all of which are vital to ensuring international peace and security. Strategic investments in children have been recognized by the world’s leaders in their recent
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Methods for a National Birth Cohort Study

As we outlined in the previous paper in this series, our nation needs foundational data in order to understand how social, physical, chemical, and nutritional environments interact to impact how Americans grow, live, and prosper. To satisfy this need, we propose a nationally represent
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Unleashing the Power of Prevention

Every day across America, behavioral health problems in childhood and adolescence, from anxiety to violence, take a heavy toll on millions of lives. For decades the approach to these problems has been to treat them only after they’ve been identified—at a high and ongoing cost to young
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