National Academy of Medicine

Prevention of Cardiovascular Disease Starts in Childhood

The importance of good nutrition practices on health and well-being has been recognized for thousands of years. One familiar quote attributed to Hippocrates, “Let thy food be thy medicine and medicine be thy food,” illustrates our long-time appreciation of the important relationship b
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Building Health Literacy and Family Engagement in Head Start Communities: A Case Study

Policy makers, government agencies, and community organizations seeking to improve health outcomes in vulnerable populations are paying increased attention to family engagement and health literacy as key elements of a population health approach. To capitalize on the promise of prevent
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Workforce Development to Enhance the Cognitive, Affective, and Behavioral Health of Children and Youth: Opportunities and Barriers in Child Health Care Training

Responsibility for cognitive, affective, and behavioral (CAB) health of children and adolescents (hereafter “youth”) has traditionally been shared among families, education systems, communities, and the health care delivery system. Within routine child health care, increasing but spot
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Expulsion and Suspension in Early Education as Matters of Social Justice and Health Equity

Scientists have a central role in addressing the challenges that face society. The primary purpose of research should be to inform policies and practices that address serious problems in our nation and world. Today in America, we have an alarming issue that is lacking in both basic an
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Dental Caries Management in Children and Adults

From our perspective, dental caries continues to be one of the most common chronic diseases in the United States and globally, with individuals living in poverty and minorities being affected more than their more affluent peers. Dental caries (commonly referred to as “cavities”) is a
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Optimizing Health Outcomes for Children with Asthma in Delaware: A Population Health Case Report

The transformation of the U.S. health care delivery system is under way. As health care providers and community-based partners recognize the impact of the multifaceted determinants of health that extend beyond the clinical setting, there is an “opportunity for health care delivery sys
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Beyond Survival: The Case for Investing in Young Children Globally

Investing in young children globally is a primary means of achieving sustainable human, social, and economic development, all of which are vital to ensuring international peace and security. Strategic investments in children have been recognized by the world’s leaders in their recent
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Methods for a National Birth Cohort Study

As we outlined in the previous paper in this series, our nation needs foundational data in order to understand how social, physical, chemical, and nutritional environments interact to impact how Americans grow, live, and prosper. To satisfy this need, we propose a nationally represent
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Why the United States Needs a National Birth Cohort Study

In a list of 17 high-income countries, the United States ranks last in terms of life expectancy for males and second-to-last for females. The U.S. population also experiences worse outcomes compared with its peers in nine key areas: infant mortality and low birth weight; injuries and
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Violence Prevention: Moving from Evidence to Implementation

According to data from the Bureau of Justice Statistics, an estimated 3.8 million nonfatal, violent victimizations occurred in 2010 alone, based on a national survey of persons age 12 or older. In the same year, homicide was ranked as the second leading cause of death for 15 to 24 yea
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