National Academy of Medicine

Interventions Aimed at Reducing Antimicrobial Usage and Resistance in Production Animals in Denmark

    Antimicrobial Usage and Interventions: A Brief History from 1950 to the Present Antimicrobials for veterinary purposes came on the market in the 1950s, followed shortly by antimicrobial growth promoters (AGPs), because of their growth-enhancing effects to animals when added in sub
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Alternatives to Antibiotics: Why and How

  The antibiotic resistance problem is caused by the evolution and transfer of genes that confer resistance to medically important antibiotics into human pathogens. The acquisition of such resistance genes by pathogens complicates disease treatment, increases health care costs, and in
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Antibiotic Resistance in Humans and Animals

It has been 40 years since Levy and colleagues published their landmark study demonstrating a direct link between antibiotic use on farms and the spread of antibiotic resistance to human populations. Thus, we have known definitively for more than 40 years that antibiotic usage in live
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