The 37th annual meeting of the Institute of Medicine was held on October 8, 2007 and focused on evidence-based medicine and the changing nature of healthcare.

On July 30-31, 2008, the IOM Roundtable on Evidence-Based Medicine convened a workshop entitled Learning What Works: Infrastructure Required to Learn Which Care is Best. The goal of the workshop was to clarify the elements and nature of the needed capacity, solicit quantitative and qualitative assessments of the needs, and characterize them in a fashion that will facilitate engagement of the issues by policymakers.

To facilitate public discussion of the value proposition in health care, and how it can be advanced, the Roundtable convened a workshop on November 17-18, 2008, entitled Value in Health Care: Accounting for Cost, Quality, Safety, Outcomes and Innovation. The meeting explored the approaches to assessing and improving value, including case studies of tools that are currently being used to increase value, as well as both near-term and long-term approaches to align the system to better promote value.